Tsepamisa maikutlo ho Likoloi tsa Lisele tsa Mafura a Hydrogen: Ho phunyeletsa "Pelo ea Machaena" le ho Kena "Fast Lane"

Fu Yu, ea 'nileng a sebetsa tšimong ea likoloi tsa hydrogen fuel cell ka lilemo tse fetang 20, morao tjena o na le boikutlo ba "ho sebetsa ka thata le bophelo bo monate".

"Ka lehlakoreng le leng, likoloi tsa mafura li tla etsa pontšo le papatso ea lilemo tse 'nè,' me nts'etsopele ea indasteri e tla tlisa" nako ea fensetere ".Ka lehlakoreng le leng, moralo oa molao oa matla o fanoeng ka April, matla a haedrojene a thathamisitsoe tsamaisong ea matla a naha ea rona ka lekhetlo la pele, 'me pele ho moo, matla a haedrojene a laoloa ho ea ka "lik'hemik'hale tse kotsi" O ile a re ka thabo ka puisano ea morao tjena ea mohala le motlalehi oa Setsi sa Litaba sa China.

Lilemong tse fetileng tsa 20, Fu Yu o 'nile a etsa lipatlisiso le nts'etsopele ho Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Engineering Research Center ea mohloli o mocha oa matla a mafura le theknoloji ea mohloli oa hydrogen, joalo-joalo O ithutile le Yi Baolian. , setsebi sa lisele tsa mafura le setsebi sa thuto ea Chinese Academy of engineering.Hamorao, o ile a kenela khoebo e tsebahalang ho sebetsa le lihlopha tsa Amerika Leboea, Europe, Japane le Korea Boroa, “ho tseba moo lekhalo le teng lipakeng tsa rona le boemo ba maemo a holimo lefatšeng, empa hape le ho tseba bokhoni ba rona.”Qetellong ea 2018, o ile a ikutloa hore nako e nepahetse ea ho theha khoebo ea mahlale le theknoloji ea Ji'an hydrogen matla le balekane ba nang le maikutlo a tšoanang.

Likoloi tse ncha tsa matla li arotsoe ka mekhahlelo e 'meli: likoloi tsa betri tsa lithium le likoloi tsa hydrogen fuel cell.Ea pele e se e tumme ho isa bohōleng bo itseng, empa ha e le hantle, mathata a kang lik'hilomithara tse khutšoane tsa ho tsamaea ka sekepe, nako e telele ea ho tjhaja, palo e nyane ea betri le maemo a fokolang a tikoloho ha a so rarolloe hantle.

Fu Yu le ba bang ba lumela ka tieo hore koloi ea hydrogen fuel cell e nang le tšireletso e tšoanang ea tikoloho e ka etsa hore ho be le mefokolo ea koloi ea lithium battery, e leng "tharollo ea ho qetela" ea matla a koloi.

"Ka kakaretso, ho nka nako e fetang halofo ea hora hore koloi e hloekileng ea motlakase e lefelle, empa ke metsotso e meraro kapa e mehlano feela bakeng sa koloi ea hydrogen fuel cell."O fane ka mohlala.Leha ho le joalo, indasteri ea likoloi tsa hydrogen fuel cell e salla morao haholo ea likoloi tsa lithium battery, e 'ngoe ea tsona e lekanyelitsoeng ke libeteri - haholo-holo, ka mekotla.

"Reactor ea motlakase ke sebaka seo tšebetso ea electrochemical e etsahalang ho sona 'me ke karolo ea mantlha ea sistimi ea matla a lisele tsa mafura.Sebopeho sa eona se lekana le 'enjene', eo hape ho ka thoeng ke 'pelo' ea koloi.Fu Yu o boletse hore ka lebaka la litšitiso tse phahameng tsa tekheniki, ke likhoebo tse 'maloa feela tse kholo tsa likoloi le lihlopha tsa borakhoebo tsa litsi tse amehang tsa lipatlisiso tsa mahlale lefatšeng tse nang le bokhoni ba boqapi ba boenjiniere ba lihlahisoa tsa mochini oa motlakase.Thepa ea phepelo ea indasteri ea lisele tsa mafura a haedrojene ea malapeng e batla e haella, 'me tekanyo ea sebaka sa libaka e batla e le tlaase, haholo-holo poleiti ea bipolar ea likarolo tsa bohlokoa, e leng "bothata" ba ts'ebetso le "ntlha ea bohloko" ea kopo.

Ho tlalehoa hore theknoloji ea graphite bipolar plate le thekenoloji ea tšepe ea bipolar plate e sebelisoa haholo-holo lefatšeng.Ea pele e na le khanyetso e matla ea kutu, conductivity e ntle le conductivity ea mocheso, 'me e nka karolo e kholo ea' maraka nakong ea pele ea indasteri, empa ha e le hantle, e boetse e na le mefokolo e itseng, e kang ho fokola ha moea, litšenyehelo tse phahameng tsa thepa le theknoloji e rarahaneng ea ho sebetsa.Letlapa la tšepe la bipolar le na le melemo ea boima bo bobebe, molumo o monyane, matla a phahameng, theko e tlase le ts'ebetso e tlase ea ts'ebetso, e lebelletsoeng haholo ke likhoebo tsa likoloi tsa malapeng le kantle ho naha.

Ka lebaka lena, Fu Yu o ile a etella pele sehlopha sa hae ho ithuta ka lilemo tse ngata 'me qetellong a lokolla moloko oa pele oa lihlahisoa tsa mafura a tšepe a bipolar plate stack e ikemetseng e ntlafalitsoeng mathoasong a May.Sehlahisoa se amohela moloko oa bone oa theknoloji ea ho roala ka tšepe e phahameng haholo le e sa sebetseng hantle ea Changzhou Yimai, molekane ea nang le maano, le theknoloji ea welding e phahameng ea fiber laser ea Shenzhen Zhongwei ho rarolla "bothata ba bophelo" bo atileng indasteri ka lilemo tse ngata.Ho ea ka lintlha tsa tlhahlobo, matla a mochine o le mong o fihla ho 70-120 kW, e leng boemo ba boemo ba pele 'marakeng hona joale;matla a khethehileng a matla a lekana le a Toyota, k'hamphani e tummeng ea likoloi.

Sehlahisoa sa liteko se ile sa tšoara "coronavirus pneumonia" ea nalane ka linako tse mahlonoko, e ileng ea etsa hore Fu Yu a tšoenyehe haholo."Bahlahlobi bohle ba bararo ba neng ba hlophisitsoe qalong ba ne ba qheletsoe ka thoko, 'me ba ne ba ka tataisa basebetsi ba bang ba R&D ho ithuta ts'ebetso ea benche ea liteko ka taolo e hole ea mehala ea video letsatsi le leng le le leng.E ne e le nako e thata.” A re ntho e ntle ke hore liphetho tsa liteko li betere ho feta kamoo ho neng ho lebelletsoe, ’me cheseho ea e mong le e mong e holimo haholo.

Fu Yu o senoletse hore ba rerile ho qala tlhahiso e ntlafalitsoeng ea sehlahisoa sa reactor selemong sena, ha matla a le mong a motlakase a tla eketsoa ho feta 130 kilowatts.Ka mor'a ho finyella sepheo sa "motlakase ea matla ka ho fetisisa oa China", ba tla ama boemo bo phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng, ho kenyelletsa le ho phahamisa matla a sekontiri se le seng ho feta 160 kilowatts, ho fokotsa litšenyehelo, ho ntša "pelo ea Chaena" ka ho feta. thekenoloji e ntle haholo, le ho khothaletsa likoloi tsa hydrogen fuel cell tsa malapeng hore li khanne ka "fast lane".

Ho latela lintlha tse tsoang ho China Automobile Industry Association, ka selemo sa 2019, tlhahiso le thekiso ea likoloi tsa mafura a mafura naheng ea China e ne e le 2833 le 2737 ka ho latellana, e nyolohile ka 85.5% le 79.2% selemo le selemo.Ho na le likoloi tse fetang 6000 tsa hydrogen fuel cell China, 'me sepheo sa "likoloi tsa lisele tsa mafura tse 5000 ka 2020" ho 'mapa oa tekheniki oa ho boloka matla le likoloi tse ncha tsa matla li fihletsoe.

Hona joale, likoloi tsa hydrogen fuel cell li sebelisoa haholo libese, literaka tse boima, likoloi tse khethehileng le masimo a mang Chaena.Fu Yu o lumela hore ka lebaka la litlhoko tse phahameng tsa thepa le lipalangoang ka mamello ea lik'hilomithara le boima ba mojaro, bofokoli ba likoloi tsa lithium betri li tla holisoa, 'me likoloi tsa hydrogen cell cell li tla hapa karolo ena ea' maraka.Ka kholo ea butle-butle le tekanyo ea lihlahisoa tsa lisele tsa mafura, e tla boela e sebelisoe haholo likoloing tsa baeti nakong e tlang.

Fu Yu o boetse a hlokometse hore moralo oa morao-rao oa pontšo le papatso ea likoloi tsa mafura tsa China o bonts'itse ka ho hlaka hore indasteri ea makoloi ea China e lokela ho khothaletsoa ho nts'etsopele e tsitsitseng, e phetseng hantle, ea mahlale le e hlophisehileng.Sena se etsa hore eena le sehlopha sa bo-rakhoebo ba be le boikemisetso le ho itšepa haholoanyane.


Nako ea poso: May-20-2020
+86 13586724141